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Environment

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Harnessing Turkmenistan’s sunshine

Developing alternative, greener energy sources is a key priority across the world. However many countries simply don’t have the infrastructure and skills needed to create renewable energy industries from scratch. Technology, and in particular research networks, can help develop these skills, transferring knowledge to build the industry and train a new generation of local engineers, making it possible to harness freely available natural resources.

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Making big data deliver

Researchers at the world-famous Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre in Melbourne recently had a medical conundrum that couldn’t be solved in a test tube or at a lab bench. They wanted to know why there were an increasing number of patients – about a third of them women – being diagnosed with certain types of lung cancer when none of them had smoked and their families had no history of cancer. And why were they showing up in clusters in different parts of Victoria? To find the answer, these specialists turned to scientists offering innovations in capturing, analysing and visualising diverse data sets through so-called big data analytics.

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Working towards a greener China with Wuhan University

Working towards a greener China with Wuhan University

REANNZ, Unitec, NIWA and Wuhan University are working collaboratively to address the concerning issue of air pollution, via an innovative three-year project that incorporates high-end environmental science, and cutting-edge Internet technology.

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Creating an atlas of the black-eyed bean genome

“Without Science DMZ, our laboratories would be isolated islands,” says Ana Benko-Iseppon, a Brazilian researcher working on the global project to develop more environmentally adapted cultivated forms of the black-eyed bean.

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Understanding the Great White North to Protect the Great White North

ArcticConnect collects data from temperature and dewpoint sensors at research stations throughout the Arctic Circle — including those that provide near-real time data — for visualization, information sharing, and collaborative analysis.

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Protecting soil resources in Zambia

Protecting soil resources in Zambia

High bandwidth and seamless access to local and global data is key to effective soil observation and resource mapping. Dr Lydia Chabala from the University of Zambia explains how ZAMREN is bringing her research to the next level, thus enabling her and fellow scientists to provide input to sustainable land management policies.

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Helping Australian Museum scientists save endangered koalas

Helping Australian Museum scientists save endangered koalas

Access to cloud services, such as high-performance computing and storage, that are impractical for the museum to house on site is significantly improving the analysis process and the way data is shared between Koala Genome Project partners, opening the door to new insights for conservation and protection.

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Joining forces to advance water management

“Water is fundamental to our lives, for food production, and for the health and prosperity of our cities. Both Australia and China face similar challenges around the pro.vision of water in rural and urban areas and for several years we have been working together to find sustainable solutions for water resource management that benefit both nations,” says Professor John Langford.

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Researchers turn to web conference for Doce River disaster recovery

In November 2015, the bursting of the dam of a mining company caused one of the largest environmental disasters ever recorded in Brazil. Over 60 billion liters of mining tailings reached the Doce River basin, and mud flooded the river and its tributaries, causing irreversible damage to the environment. When the dam broke, 55 million cubic meters of mud were released, which devastated cities, buried houses and caused 19 deaths. RNP’s web conference platform helped researchers co-ordinate their response to this disaster.

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Tracking moose and salmon with GPS

Biotelemetry technology for wildlife and fish monitoring has evolved tremendously since the 1990’s: from moose and reindeer wearing collars with primitive radio transmitters weighing several kilos, to salmon with miniscule bio-sensors, and eagles wearing solar powered GPS-backpacks containing cameras and accelerators. But there’s a gap between the volumes of data available and the tools for handing it.

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LifeWatch helps us understand biodiversity…and preserve the planet

Doñana National Park in Andalusia Spain is one of the world’s most fascinating nature reserves, a mosaic of ecosystems and home to unique and endangered species. The Park is connected to LifeWatch, a joint European e-infrastructure for biodiversity and ecosystem research, which enables scientists to access a vast array of data from multiple resources in real time to learn about the environment.