Large databases, supercomputers and high-speed connections are part of the computational infrastructure to provide forecasts of political conflicts in Africa, and the peaceful university city of Uppsala, Sweden, is at the centre of it all.
By using sophisticated Big Data based geospatial software researchers have revealed a remarkable development: Between 2000 and 2015, housing with improved water and sanitation, sufficient living area and durable construction has doubled in sub-Saharan Africa.
Luckily, we live longer. SHARE, the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, helps researchers understand the consequences, and helps policy makers make the necessary decisions on health, social and economic policy.
Researchers at the University of California San Diego used satellite images from multiple sources to map and understand city growth patterns in India, with the help of computers trained to distinguish types of growth. The technology is also being used to identify refugee camps and schools in Africa.
Researchers at the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre in Melbourne wanted to know why there were an increasing number of patients – about a third of them women – being diagnosed with certain types of lung cancer when none of them had smoked and their families had no history of cancer. They turned to big data analytics.
As social media like Facebook and Twitter become increasingly influential in the decision making of the voters, social scientists take an interest in scrutinizing, how discussions and debates emerge and evolve in the intersection between traditional media and social media. Finnish researchers have enlisted a supercomputer to crack the data.