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Fascinating stories from around the world about people and projects making a difference and connected by research and education networks.
On 19 April 2017 the ‘Rock’ asteroid made an uncomfortably close pass to Earth – the closest in 400 years. The first step to protecting against such hazards is to monitor them to calculate their precise orbits; this requires fast, reliable internet connections so that the huge volumes of observation data involved can be sent speedily and reliably to researchers around the world for analysis.
Although approx. 2555 km apart, theatre students from The University of Tampere, Finland, and Coventry University, UK, are rehearsing Shakespeare together, sharing a “virtual learning theatre” made possible by powerful videoconferencing equipment and high-speed connectivity.
Typhoons, floods, landslides, volcanos – the Philippines is a country that has it all. Taking 3rd place on the World Risk Index, behind Vanuatu and Tonga, the Philippines is heavily exposed to extreme weather. While you can’t do anything to change the course of a typhoon moving towards you, you can take the necessary precautions before it reaches your shores – the earlier the better. So, you need to know your hazards, and that is why, in the wake of the catastrophic tropical storm Sendong in 2011, the Philippines started developing a complex early warning system.
As weather forecasts are becoming increasingly detailed, data volumes are increasing as well, demanding high-speed connectivity and supercomputing power.
Studies by scientists in Chile shed light on phenomenon related to the creation of the Universe, the formation of celestial bodies and the characterization of different kinds of stars. “Our goal is to understand the parent stars of supernovas. I mean, what kind of star produced the explosion”, says researcher Francisco Förster.
Developing alternative, greener energy sources is a key priority across the world. However many countries simply don’t have the infrastructure and skills needed to create renewable energy industries from scratch. Technology, and in particular research networks, can help develop these skills, transferring knowledge to build the industry and train a new generation of local engineers, making it possible to harness freely available natural resources.
More than 1,000 Mexican physicians were trained remotely in the latest endoscopy procedures during a single event in 2015 by using high-definition videoconferencing technology and advanced academic networks.
Researchers at the world-famous Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre in Melbourne recently had a medical conundrum that couldn’t be solved in a test tube or at a lab bench. They wanted to know why there were an increasing number of patients – about a third of them women – being diagnosed with certain types of lung cancer when none of them had smoked and their families had no history of cancer. And why were they showing up in clusters in different parts of Victoria? To find the answer, these specialists turned to scientists offering innovations in capturing, analysing and visualising diverse data sets through so-called big data analytics.
ARES (Advanced networking for the EU genomic Research) is implementing novel genome content distribution solutions to make large data sets accessible to healthcare practitioners for better patient care. Robust and bottleneck-free data networks are key to the success of this vital undertaking.
Eske Willerslev, one of the world’s leading experts in ancient DNA, DNA degradation, and evolutionary biology, is using powerful DNA sequencing technology to reveal fundamentally new insights, reconstructing the past 50.000 years of human history.
The University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences and SURF are collaborating on a campus network infrastructure that is optimized for sending research data. The aim is to create a blueprint for a research data zone architecture so researchers can more easily collaborate on data-intensive research. The first use case is focusing on crop genome data.
The European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI) near Cambrigde, UK distributes datasets worldwide using R&E connectivity. This biological data enables the discovery of new drugs, new diagnostics and increasingly new agro-chemicals. The Institute’s work, which includes the 1000 Genomes Project, has generated petabytes of data and this growth is showing no signs of abating. On-demand bandwidth over R&E networks is critical to their ongoing work.